Fats (lipids) are one of the main nutrients in the food which are consumed by us, they are majorly found in milk, butter, oils, etc. and they are also found in animal tissues in large quantities. Lipase enzyme breaks these fats into simple and soluble forms of glycerols and free fatty acid, so that our body can utilize them for energy.
Lipase enzyme is the most studied enzyme because of its significant role in various industries like - detergent, food, paper & pulp, pharmaceutical, textile, cosmetics, etc. Lipase enzyme is part of the hydrolase family which breaks triglycerides into simpler fatty acid chains by acting on the carboxylic ester bond. Apart from this, lipase enzyme also catalyses many different reactions which are very helpful in food, paper, pharma, detergent, cosmetics and many other industries.
Some of the uses of lipase enzyme in various industries are:
Used for hydrolysis of milk fat
Lipolysis of cream and butter
Cheese production, flavor and texture enhancement
Dough flavor enhancement
Extends the shelf life of the product
Improved texture and softness
Used to produce emulsifying lipids
Used for adding aroma in the beverages
In Meat & Fish:
Used for removing fats and flavor development in the meat.
In Edible Oil:
Enhances the production
Different products can be manufactured using lipase
Second most important enzyme after proteases being used in detergents
Highly efficient in removing oil and fat stains, even traces
Can be used for both, laundry and dishwashing
No effect on the faric’s strength or color
Production and enhancement of PUFAs (Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids)
Lipases catalyses synthetic reaction
Production of sucralose - artificial sweetener
Used in production of skin care products
Used for making high efficiency biosensors for detecting glycerols
Used to remove unwanted fatty acids during the paper manufacturing
Wastewater effluent treatment
Used in production of polymers, such as polyesters, polylactide, polycaprolactone, etc.